عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Power has two layers of hard and soft power. Soft power is the "ability to earn what you want, through attraction rather than coercion or reward." During about seven recent decades of strategic alliance to cut ties and military conflicts has been able to be observed in the case of relations between Iran and America. Accordingly, this descriptive-analatic study sought to evaluate the role and America's soft power in foreign policy from the perspective of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Passive Defense. Based on the findings, review America's relations with Islamic Republic of Iran reflects the fact that in the first decade of the revolution, America had used hard power against Iran, which its obvious examples are economic sanctions, invasion of Tabas and cooperation with Iraq during the war and military confrontation with Iran directly and indirectly. With the defeat of America in the use of hard power against Iran, the country had paid more attention to soft power against Iran. Accordingly, America's policy toward Iran, especially after the September eleven is the mixture of hard and soft indicators which one operates as a context maker, complementary and justifier of another and vice versa. As a result, in the country's defense policy attention to passive defense has a special importance.
Key words: Islamic Republic of Iran, the United States, hard power, soft power