عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper intends to present a model of Islamic resistance based on anthropological foundations set forth by Allameh Tabatabaei and martyred philosopher Motahhari. This is important in that less literature is available on this model from the viewpoint of philosophical anthropology. The principal question of this study is this: How do the anthropological components taken from the theory of Etebariat (practical reason) in the schools of Allameh Tabatabaei and Martyr Motahhari constitute Islamic state model of relations known as Islamic resistance? This study has used a documentary research method to analyze anthropological discussions in the light of the theory of Etebariat in the schools of these two contemporary philosophers. Then, based on this method, it shows human interaction in their theory of state and society formation, explaining that the philosophy behind formation of the states rests upon four basic human demands, i.e. freedom, security, justice and educating for happiness. At the same time, there are three social layers or three types of exploitative (colonial), functional and identity relations among the individuals in the society. Then, in an innovative plan, their theory of state and society formation was generalized into the international relations to underline the requirements for formation of a world state and reasons for human failure in realizing this goal. As a solution, this paper clarifies a model of triple exploitative, functional and identity relations as a substitute model for international interactions. In the meantime, the Islamic state model of interaction based on the three types of relations is presented with three different groups of actors involved (exploiting or colonial powers, same-identity actors and non-identity actors) in the light of the principle of Nafy-e Sabil (Non-Dependency Rule) and meeting the four essential demands of humans as a model of Islamic resistance.